Teeth sensitivity can be a discomforting issue, affecting daily activities such as eating, drinking, and breathing. If you are struggling with teeth sensitivity, you’ve probably wondered why this happens and what can be done to combat the issue. This article delves into the common causes, explores effective treatments, and provides practical tips to maintain oral health and reduce sensitivity.
Causes of Teeth Sensitivity
- Exposed Tooth Roots: Receding gums or enamel erosion can expose the sensitive dentin layer, increasing sensitivity.
- Tooth Decay: Cavities and decay can cause sensitivity, especially when they reach the nerve-filled pulp.
- Worn Tooth Enamel: Abrasion from aggressive brushing, teeth grinding (bruxism), or acidic foods can wear down enamel.
- Gum Disease: Gingivitis or periodontitis can result in gum recession, contributing to sensitivity.
- Cracked Teeth: Fractured or cracked teeth can expose nerves and lead to sensitivity.
One study suggest that the top cause of teeth sensitivity due to predisposition are:
- Gingival recession – 66%
- Abrasion, erosion, abfraction/attrition lesions – 59%
- Bruxism – 32%
- Desensitizing Toothpaste: Specialized toothpaste can help block pain signals from reaching the nerves, reducing sensitivity over time.
- Fluoride Treatment: Professional fluoride applications or fluoride-containing dental products strengthen enamel, reducing sensitivity.
- Dental Bonding: Applying a tooth-colored resin to exposed root surfaces or worn enamel can alleviate sensitivity.
- Gum Grafting: In cases of severe gum recession, a graft can cover exposed roots, reducing sensitivity.
- Root Canal Therapy: A root canal procedure may be recommended for cases of extreme sensitivity due to nerve exposure.
Oral Health Tips to Reduce Sensitivity
- Gentle Brushing: Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoid aggressive brushing to prevent enamel wear.
- Limit Acidic Foods: Reduce consumption of acidic foods and beverages, which can contribute to enamel erosion.
- Regular Dental Checkups: Schedule regular dental visits for professional cleanings and early detection of dental issues.
- Custom Mouthguards: If teeth grinding is a concern, wearing a custom mouthguard can prevent enamel wear.
- Proper Oral Hygiene: Maintain good oral hygiene practices, including flossing, to prevent decay and gum disease.
- Desensitizing Toothpaste: Apply desensitizing toothpaste directly to sensitive areas for quick relief.
- Avoiding Extreme Temperatures: Consuming extremely hot or cold foods and drinks can exacerbate sensitivity; opt for lukewarm items.
Teeth sensitivity is a common concern, but it can be effectively managed with the proper preventive measures and targeted treatments. Consulting with a dentist to identify the underlying cause and adopting good oral hygiene practices are essential to maintaining a healthy, pain-free smile.